Such services are useful to curators, conservators, collectors, and art historians who seek information that may help to date or authenticate a work of art.They may also help to determine the techniques and the materials used at particular periods of time.For centuries, ancient Egypt has captured the imagination of historians, who have worked relentlessly over the years to piece together the history of one of the greatest civilizations.A new study analysing ancient Egyptian artefacts attempts to pinpoint their chronological order more accurately than ever before.Petrographic examination of stone samples The characteristics of natural weathering can be relevant to conservation procedures on building materials and their presence or absence can assist in questions of authenticity.Learn about different types of radiometric dating, such as carbon dating.10,000 BC) to the Byzantine era, up to around AD 600 . See: Naked mummies of the Manchester Museum X-rays suggested that the mummy was the body of a girl Allahabout 13 years old and that her legs had been amputated.It was thought by Egyptologists to have been from the Hawara excavation site in central Egypt. There was a pair of decorated gold nipple covers, the sort used for females.
"[The study] hasn't changed the timescales radically — what it has done is remove some of the uncertainty — and it has ruled out some possibilities that have been seriously considered," explained Christopher Ramsey, who is deputy director of the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.It was thought to be from the Hellenistic or Roman era. There was an artificial phallus of the sort used when wrapping deceased males. Did the embalmers not know the sex of the mummy, and if not, why not? while the linen wrappings appeared to be from about A. The research, published in the journal Science, measured radioactive carbon isotopes in 211 samples collected from museums around the world to determine their age.The samples were correlated with certain eras or kings.
Scientific analysis is essential to the understanding of the physical composition of an object, the extent of its deterioration and in choosing appropriate conservation methods.